Láadan to English – B


A B D E H I L Lh M N O R Sh Th U W Y Zh Affixes


 
báa

I say to you as a question, …; I ask…: Question Speech Act, neutral {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}

  • báad — in anger, I ask…
  • báada — in jest, I ask…
  • báade — as a story, I ask…
  • báadi — in teaching, I ask…
  • báadu — as poetry, I ask…
  • báalan — in celebration, I ask…
  • báali — in love, I ask…
  • báath — in pain, I ask…
  • báaya — in fear, I ask…

Note: Sentences begun with this Speech Act do not need an Evidence Morpheme, because the speaker is asking for information rather than offering any.

báalish
patchwork quilt, to make a patchwork quilt (See also: balish) {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
bab
ball: a spherical object, any of various movable and round or oblong objects used in various athletic activities and games, to form into a ball. {JLP}
babí
bird {Core Word}
bad
mineral {Core Suppliment}
bada
1) spoon {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}

2) repeatedly, at random; Repetition Morpheme (See also: badan, brada, bradan, bradá)
badan
repeatedly, in a pattern over which humans have no control; repetition morpheme (See also: bada, brada, bradan, bradá)
badazh
metal {SH}
badazhel
smith-craft [badazh=metal + el=make] {AB}
badazhelá
smith, metal smith [badazh=metal + el=make + -á=doer] {AB}
badazhud
ore [badazh=metal + ud=stone]
bal
bread {Core Word}
bala
anger with reason, with someone to blame, which is not futile (See also: bara, bana, bama, bina) {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
balá
baker [bal=bread + -á=doer] {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
baledim
breadbox [bal=bread + (e)dim=container] {JLP}
balin
to be old {Core Suppliment}
balinemid
turtle, tortoise [balin=old + mid=creature] {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
balish
quilt, to quilt, not patchwork (See also: báalish) {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
bama
anger with reason, but with no one to blame, which is not futile (See also: bala, bana, bara, bina) {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
ban
to give, to make a present of, to place in the hands of, to pass from one to another {Core Word}
bana
anger with reason, with no one to blame, which is futile (See also bara, bala, bama, bina) {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
baneban
forgiveness, to forgive {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
banibel
give and take, to give and take [ban=give + i=and + bel=take] {SH}
bara
anger with reason, with someone to blame, which is futile (See also: bala, bama, bana, bina) {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
bash
1) thorn, a sharp pointed woody extension of a stem or leaf {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}

2) common sense {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
bath
1) six (6) number {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}

2) nail, body part general term: fingernail, toenail, claw {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
batha
fork {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
bathethab
sixteen (16) number [bath=6 + thab=l0] {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
be
it/she/he: pronoun: 3rd person: singular: neutral
To be used in gender-neutral situtions or when gender is obvious and doesn’t need to be explicitely stated. To explicitly state a gender, add the appropriate suffix:

  • behid — he [be=it + -id=male gender marker]
  • behizh — she [be=it + -izh=female gender marker]

Below are the forms of “be”:

  • ba — beloved
  • bi — honored
I say as a promise…; Promise Speech Act, neutral {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}

  • béd — in anger, I say as a promise…
  • béda — in jest, I say as a promise…
  • béde — as a story, I say as a promise…
  • bédi — in teaching, I say as a promise…
  • bédu — as poetry, I say as a promise…
  • bélan — in celebration, I say as a promise…
  • béli — in love, I say as a promise…
  • béth — in pain, I say as a promise…
  • béya — in fear, I say as a promise…
bedi
to learn, a learning {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
bédi
promise, to promise {Grammar Updates: MLM}
bedihá
student, learner [bedi=learning + -á=doer] {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
bedihim
school field trip, travel for purpose of learning [bedi=learn + (h)im=travel] {JLP}
bediholowod
class, group of students who are taught together [bedi=learn + (h)olowod=group] {YML}
bedilhoth
useless knowledge lesson [bedi=learn + -lh-=pejorative + loth=information] (See also: bedina, bediloth, bediwoth) {Grammar Updates: AH}
bediloth
knowledge lesson [bedi=learn + loth=information] (See also: bedina, bedilhoth, bediwoth) {Grammar Updates: AH}
bédim
contract, deal, to make a deal, to make a contract {SH}
bedina
lesson (See also: bediloth, bedilhoth, bediwoth) {Grammar Updates: AH}
bedishod
classroom [bedi=learn + shod=room] {YML}
bediwoth
wisdom lesson [bedi=learn + woth=wisdom] (See also: bedina, bediloth, bedilhoth) {Grammar Updates: AH}
bée
I say in warning…; Warning Speech Act, neutral {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}

  • béed — in anger, I say in warning…
  • béeda — in jest, I say in warning…
  • béede — as a story, I say in warning…
  • béedi — in teaching, I say in warning…
  • béedu — in poetry, I say in warning…
  • béelan — in celebration, I say in warning…
  • béeli — in love, I say in warning…
  • béeth — in pain, I say in warning…
  • béeya — in fear, I say in warning…
behal
work counter, work surface surface {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
beheb
barter, trade, to barter, to trade [eb (buy/sell) + mirrored eb] {AB}
behili
fluid (thick), such as corn syrup consistency
bel
to take, to take away, to get something into one’s possession {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
belid
house, structure serving as a dwelling (See also: beth) {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
belidá
carpenter [belid=house + -á=doer] {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
ben
they, many (more than 5): pronoun: 3rd person: many: neutral

  • bin — honored
  • ban — beloved
benem
stay, to stay, to continue to be in a place or condition {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
beneth
them (many): pronoun. 3rd person, many, neutral, object [ben=they + -th=object marker]
berídan
aunt {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
beth
1) home, place where one lives (See also: belid) {Core Word}

2) it/him/her: pronoun, 3rd person, singular, neutral, object [be=she + -th=object marker]

betheb
mirror, to mirror {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
bethud
cave [beth=home + ud=stone] {SHE}
beye
somebody/someone/something – look to verb to distinguish: 3rd person singular indefinite pronoun

  • beyen — several (2 to 5) unidentified somebodies or somethings: 3rd person several indefinite pronoun
  • beyezh — many (more than 5) unidentified somebodies or somethings: 3rd person many indefinite pronoun
  • English doesn’t have specific words for these forms. They’re introduced with descriptions that make it clear that they’re not identified, and then they’re all going to be referred to with "they/them/their/theirs" from that point on. "Some mountains loomed up ahead of us; they were beautiful."
beyóo
itself/herself/himself [be=it/she/he + -yóo=reflexive marker]
To be used in gender-neutral situtions or when gender is obvious and doesn’t need to be explicitely stated. To explicitly state a gender, add the appropriate suffix:

  • beyóohid — himself
  • beyóohizh — herself
beyóon
themselves, many [ben=they,many + -(e)yóo=reflexive marker]: 3rd person, many, reflexive pronoun
beyóozh
themselves, several [bezh=they,several + -(e)yóo=reflexive marker]: 3rd person, several, reflexive pronoun
bezh
they (several, 2 to 5 individuals): pronoun: 3rd person: neutral

  • bazh — beloved
  • bizh — honored
bezheth
them (several): pronoun. 3rd person, several, neutral, object [bezh=they + -th=object marker]
bid
1) nerve (boday part) {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}


2) sink, a basin, usually connected with a water supply and drainage system, used for washing {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
bíi
I say…: “I say to you, as a statement”: Declarative Speech Act, neutral (usually optional) {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}

  • bíid — in anger, I say…
  • bíida — in jest, I say…
  • bíide — as a story, I say…
  • bíidi — in teaching, I say…
  • bíidu — as a poem, I say…
  • bíilan — in celebration, I say…
  • bíili — in love, I say…
  • bíith — in pain, I say…
  • bíiya — in fear, I say…
bil
fun, to be fun
bim
four (4) number {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
bimethab
fourteen (14) number [bim=4 + thab=l0] {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
bimeya
fourth [bim=four + -(e)ya=suffix for time] {AB&CH}
bin
bowl, a round container open at the top, used for holding liquid, keeping fruit, serving food, etc. {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
bina
anger with no reason, with no one to blame, which is not futile (See also: bara, bala, bama, bana) {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
bini
gift, to gift, to give a gift {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
bish
prize
bishib
to be sudden, suddenly {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
bithim
to meet, to meet with, a meeting {Grammar Updates}
bo
mountain {Core Suppliment}
I command…; Command Speech Act, neutral (very rare except to small children) {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}

  • bód — in anger, I command…
  • bóda — in jest, I command…
  • bóde — as a story, I command…
  • bódi — in teaching, I command…
  • bódu — as poetry, I command…
  • bólan — in celebration, I command…
  • bóli — in love, I command…
  • bóth — in pain, I command…
  • bóya — in fear, I command…
bod
1) line on a surface, line of a computer program {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}

2) dish, general kitchen term, a container used for holding or serving food {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
bodehal
rod, staff, stave [bod=line + -(e)hal=unusual degree] {YML}
bodibod
program for a computer, to program a computer [bod=line + i=and] {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
bohí
to be short in length {AB}
bol
fleecy-clouded skies {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
bolith
to linger over something that one has the skill to complete quickly. {JB}
bom
1) oil, household oil, to oil {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}

2) penis {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
bon
shirt, blouse {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
boó
three (3) number {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
bóo
I request…; Request Speech Act, neutral (polite, usual “command” form) {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}

  • bóod — in anger, I request…
  • bóoda — in jest, I request…
  • bóode — as a story, I request…
  • bóodi — in teaching, I request…
  • bóodu — as poetry, I request…
  • bóolan — in celebration, I request…
  • bóoli — in love, I request…
  • bóoth — in pain, I request…
  • bóoya — in fear, I request…
boóbidim
basket [boóbin (to braid) + dim (container)] {SH}
boóbil
ivy plant [boóbin (to braid) + thil (vine)] {SH}
boóbin
braid, to braid [boó=three] {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
bóodan
rescue, save, to rescue, to save {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
boómi
clover plant, oxalis [boó=three + mi=leaf] {SH}
boósh
curve, to be curved {AB}
boóthab
thirteen (13) number [boó=3 + thab=l0] {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
boóya
third [boó=three + -ya=suffix for time] {AB&CH}
bosh
wood, general word for wood from a tree {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
boshoya
bark of tree [bosh=wood + oya=skin] {SH}
boshum
cloud [bo=mountain + shum=air] {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
both
hotel, motel {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
brada
repeatedly, in a pattern fixed arbitaraily by human beings, repeatedly in an artificial pattern; Repetition Morpheme (see also bada, badan, bradan, bradá)
bradá
repeatedly, in a what appears to be a pattern but cannot be demonstrated or proved to be one; Repetition Morpheme (see also bada, badan, brada, bradan)
bradan
repeatedly, in a pattern fixed by humans by analogy to some phenomenon (such as the seasons) repetition morpheme (see also bada, badan, brada, bradá)
bre
layer, material laid on or spread over a surface {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
bre…ébre
if .. then {Core Word}
bremeda
onion [bre=layer + meda=vegetable] {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
bretham
spiral, to spiral [bre=layer + tham=circle] {SH}
bróo
because {Core Word}
to be perverse, quirky, odd, hard to understand
bud
1) nine (9) number {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}

2) clothing (general term) {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
buda
buddha (loan word); should have a capital B when it refers to “the” Buddha {YML}
budahá
buddhist [buda=Buddha + -(h)á=doer] {YML}
budehalid
masquerade [bud=clothing + (e)halid=competition]
budeshun
ceremonial clothing, ritual clothing [bud=clothing + (e)shun=ceremony]
budethab
nineteen (19) number [bud=9 + thab=l0] {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
budim
wardrobe, [bud=clothing + dim=container] {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
búláa
illusion, erroneous perception of reality [bú=perverse + láa=perception]
búláalh
perverse/harmful illusion [bú=perverse + láa=perception + -lh=perjorative]
búlith
crazy, insane [bú=perverse/odd + lith=think] {JLP}
búsholan
alone “in the bosom of one’s family”
buth
to gather (not used with people) (See also: lolin) {Dictionary 2nd. Ed.}
buzh
convention, “con”, conference, a large formal assembly of a group with common interests

A B D E H I L Lh M N O R Sh Th U W Y Zh Affixes


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